HELIXAFE can detect the solid tumors during the genetic development phase, before they it are even formed

In In The News by Barbara Jacoby

Source: Bioscience Institute

From: prnewswire.com

A study published in Cell Death & Disease demonstrates that cfDNA testing, marketed by Bioscience Institute SPA under the name HELIXAFE, can identify solid cancer development  in healthy, asymptomatic people, in which cancer has not yet developed.

Blood cell-free DNA (cfDNA) testing can be useful before cancer develops, in healthy people. This is the conclusion of the study published in the peer-reviewed scientific journal Cell Death & Disease by an international group of experts, coordinated by Bioscience Genomics, a research entity formed by the collaboration between the University of Rome Tor Vergata and Bioscience Institute, a genomics excellence center already selling the test under the name of HELIXAFE. “NowGiuseppe MucciBioscience Institute CEO, says – we can entertain new partnerships to market HELIXAFE worldwide.

In 2017 Bioscience submitted to the International Bureau of the World Intellectual Property Organization a patent request for its algorithm to identify the genetic, prodromal, solid cancer stage. The international application was published on November 1st, 2018 (International Publication Number WO 2018/197934 A1) and the Italian patent was issued on September 27th, 2019.

The paper published in Cell Death & Disease highlights its new potential and reveals the methodology proposed by Bioscience Genomics.

Clinical applications of cancer study by means of the analysis of DNA fragments in the blood have already been exploring – to study, for example, genetic features of therapy-resistant cancers.

Together with co-authors from the Basel University-Hospital (Switzerland), Rome, and Trieste University (Italy), Cremona Hospital (Italy), and the Memorial Sloan Kettering Centre of New York (USA), Bioscience Genomics researchers developed a tool (HELIXAFE) built on a Bioscience patented algorithm based on the newest DNA sequencing and data analysis techniques to search for genetic alterations preceding cancer development (“prodromal”), that is in healthy, asymptomatic people in which cancer did not yet develop.

The Study

Researchers tested the use of the early prevention program HELIXAFE to screen for genetic alterations in healthy, asymptomatic individuals in which cancer did not yet develop. The goal of this early prevention programs is to identify subpopulations of healthy, asymptomatic people in which cancer did not yet develop that start fight cancer even before positive results from today’s early diagnosis approaches.

In fact, nowadays early diagnosis allows to identify cancer only when it already developed and reached a significative size. On the contrary, Bioscience Genomics tool allows to study the so-called prodromal phase of cancer, that is the totally asymptomatic stage in which cancer is not yet present but a number of cells accumulated genetic alterations – a phenomenon linked to cancer development known as genome instability.

Today several medicines and molecules can be efficaciously used as chemopreventive agents; individuals at high risk of cancer development, such as people in which HELIXAFE revealed a prodromal phase of cancer, could use these molecules.

The first step of the study was to demonstrate healthy individuals cfDNA analysis technical feasibility. That is why researchers analyzed blood samples from 114 patients at different times of their course of treatment, during a period ranging from 1 to 10 years. This allowed to evaluate the impact on cfDNA sequencing of factors such as its abundance.

In the second step of the study, the validity of the approach was confirmed by comparing the results of Bioscience Genomics analysis of cfDNA samples from oncological patients with the results of the sequencing of DNA from tissue biopsies from the same patients.

Finally, researchers looked for the presence of genetic alterations in healthy volunteers’ cfDNA and in parallel followed their health status up to 1 to 10 years. This made it possible to compare cell-free DNA analysis results in individuals who didn’t develop cancer, people who developed a benign tumor, and people who developed a malignant cancer.

This study demonstrated that Bioscience Institute offers a fast and reliable tool based on a simple blood draw that allows to detect genetic alterations in healthy, asymptomatic people in which cancer did not yet develop with a 0.08% limit of allelic variants detection. It represents the first important step in the way towards new cfDNA applications. Larger prospective studies will confirm the clinical usefulness of this approach.

New investments will allow to expand worldwide this innovative approach to provide people with a prevention tool to screen for cancer risk before the disease development.

Nowadays HELIXAFE is commercialized by Bioscience Institute with four different tests: HELIXPAN, appropriated for people at low risk for solid cancer; HELIXGYN, a lifeline for women exposed to hormone therapies or being at high risk for breast or ovariany cancer because of predisposing BRCA 1 or 2 mutations; HELIXMOKER, specifically designed for smokers and high pollution-exposed subjects; and HELIXCOLON, which monitors genes involved in colon cancer.

Both HELIXGYN and HELIXCOLON work with a 99,9% sensitivity, and HELIXMOKER with a 100% sensitivity. HELIXPAN allows the identification of tissues and organs needing a targeted prevention with a 95% sensitivity; if mutations are detected in genes associated with lung, colon or breast-associated genes, an additional analysis with one of the three other more specific programs, (respectively, HELIXMOKER, HELIXCOLON or HELIXGYN) looking for low frequency somatic mutations, is recommended.

About Bioscience Institute

Founded in 2006, Bioscience Institute soon became an excellence center offering the highest levels of quality and safety in the field of cell and molecular biology. Since then, it expanded its services by developing procedures and protocols for the clinical application of stem cells and extending it to the genomics field.

The world’s leading Genomics and Regenerative Medicine Centre are based in Europe (Roma, Milano and San Marino) and Middle East (Dubai). Bioscience offer the most advanced personalized stem cell therapies and Next Generation Sequencing genomic test for solid cancer prevention management.
The Genomics premium services is based on Liquid Biopsy for the solid cancer prevention assessment, early detection and monitoring of cancer targeted therapy.