– Significant tumor regression observed with onvansertib in combination with standard-of-care paclitaxel in models of p53-mutated TNBC
– Onvansertib preclinical data provides rationale for clinical trial targeting the 80% of TNBC that harbors the p53 mutation
– Combination has potential to address critical medical need to provide targeted treatment option to overcome resistance to paclitaxel as single agent therapy in TNBC
Trovagene, Inc. (Nasdaq: TROV), a clinical-stage, Precision Cancer Medicine™ oncology therapeutics company developing drugs that target cell division (mitosis) for the treatment of various cancers including breast, prostate, colorectal and leukemia, today announced the presentation of preclinical data demonstrating significant tumor regression with the combination of onvansertib and paclitaxel, versus either agent alone, in models of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC).
The data was featured in a poster presentation at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Annual Congress on Sunday, September 29th, 2019.
“The development of new options to treat TNBC that is resistant to standard-of-care chemotherapy can address a critical unmet clinical need,” said Antonio Giordano, MD, PhD, medical oncologist at Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC). “We value our collaboration with Trovagene, and we believe that our preclinical data confirms the potential therapeutic benefit of onvansertib and warrants further evaluation. Planning for the initiation of a clinical trial targeting TNBC patients with the highly-aggressive p53 mutation is currently underway at MUSC.”
TNBC is an aggressive form of the disease accounting for 12 to 18% of breast cancers. Although chemotherapy can be effective as standard-of-care, many patients become resistant to treatment. The TP53 gene is mutated in approximately 80% of TNBC and the mutation is considered a target marker. TNBC is defined by the absence of estrogen and progesterone receptors and the absence of HER2 overexpression. These cancers represent a heterogeneous breast cancer subtype with a poor prognosis. Few systemic treatment options exist besides the use of chemotherapy. Currently, there are no approved targeted therapies to treat TNBC.
- Somatic mutation in TP53 gene (mutp53) is a strong prognostic marker in breast cancer
- Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by up to 80% mutp53 and the greatest overall genomic instability among subtypes
- Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) regulates progression of cells through the G2 phase of the cell cycle
- Hypothesis that mutp53 in the context of breast cancer can predict synergy to paclitaxel plus onvansertib, an orally available highly selective PLK1 inhibitor
Significant Clinical Need for New Targeted Treatment Option (Onvansertib + Paclitaxel):
- Cell lines undergo G2/M cell-cycle arrest following PLK1 (onvansertib) inhibition
- Paclitaxel synergizes with onvansertib (the activity of the two drugs together is greater than that of each drug alone) and induces apoptosis (death) of cancer cells
- Currently, treatment options are limited to chemotherapy and there is a significant medical need to develop a targeted therapeutic option for the treatment of breast cancer patients with TP53 mutation
- A clinical study to assess the safety and preliminary efficacy of the combination of onvansertib and paclitaxel as a potential new targeted treatment option in TNBC is warranted
Onvansertib is a first-in-class, third-generation, oral and highly-selective adenosine triphosphate (ATP) competitive inhibitor of the serine/threonine polo-like-kinase 1 (PLK1) enzyme, which is over-expressed in multiple cancers including leukemias, lymphomas and solid tumors. Onvansertib targets the PLK1 isoform only (not PLK2 or PLK3), is orally administered and has a 24-hour half-life with only mild-to-moderate side effects reported. Trovagene believes that targeting only PLK1 and having a favorable safety and tolerability profile, along with an improved dose/scheduling regimen will significantly improve on the outcome observed in previous studies with a former panPLK inhibitor in AML.
Onvansertib has demonstrated synergy in preclinical studies with numerous chemotherapies and targeted therapeutics used to treat leukemias, lymphomas and solid tumor cancers, including irinotecan, FLT3 and HDAC inhibitors, taxanes and cytotoxins. Trovagene believes the combination of onvansertib with other compounds has the potential to improve clinical efficacy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), colorectal cancer and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), as well as other types of cancer.
Trovagene has three ongoing clinical trials of onvansertib: A Phase 2 trial of onvansertib in combination with Zytiga® (abiraterone acetate)/prednisone in patients with mCRPC who are showing signs of early progressive disease (rise in PSA but minimally symptomatic or asymptomatic) while currently receiving Zytiga® (NCT03414034); a Phase 1b/2 Study of onvansertib in combination with FOLFIRI and Avastin® for second-line treatment in patients with mCRC with a KRAS mutation (NCT03829410); and a Phase 1b/2 clinical trial of onvansertib in combination with low-dose cytarabine or decitabine in patients with relapsed or refractory AML (NCT03303339). Onvansertib has been granted orphan drug designation by the FDA in the U.S. and by the EC in the European Union for the treatment of patients with AML.
Trovagene licensed onvansertib (also known as NMS-1286937 and PCM-075) from Nerviano Medical Sciences (NMS), the largest oncology-focused research and development company in Italy, and a leader in protein kinase drug development. NMS has an excellent track record of licensing innovative drugs to pharma/biotech companies, including Array (recently acquired by Pfizer), Ignyta (acquired by Roche) and Genentech.
About Trovagene, Inc.
Trovagene is a a clinical-stage, Precision Cancer Medicine™ oncology therapeutics company developing drugs that target cell division (mitosis), for the treatment of various cancers including leukemias, lymphomas and solid tumors. Trovagene has intellectual property and proprietary technology that enables the Company to analyze circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and clinically actionable markers to identify patients most likely to respond to specific cancer therapies. Trovagene plans to continue to vertically integrate its tumor genomics technology with the development of targeted cancer therapeutics. For more information, please visit https://www.trovageneoncology.com.
Barbara Jacoby is an award winning blogger that has contributed her writings to multiple online publications that have touched readers worldwide.